Land Restoration

Restoring the Land for the Future

In its heyday Historic Penn Farm was a thriving farm with grazing fields and fertile cropland. But due to years of inactivity, the land became overrun and the soil lost its nutrients.  When Delaware Greenways began managing the farm, the first priority was to return the land to its former glory.

Here’s how we are doing it:


Storm water management plan:

  • Use cover crops
  • Create large gassy swales
  • Develop rain gardens
  • Use rain barrels
  • Install green roof

Soil fertility plan:

  • Invest in multi-year recovery process:
    • Pulled and chipped scrub trees and then handle pH issues
    • Apply nutrients/fertilizer
    • Spread compost
  • Pull out large rocks and debris
  • Till under cover crops
  • Rotate crops

Noxious weed control plan:

  • In early years, plant herbicide resistant crops and apply herbicides
  • Hand pull and spray noxious weeds in woods
  • Use regular mowing in border areas, waterways and pathways

Wildlife habitat / ecological diversity / forestry plan:

  • Plant quality native trees and shrubs in hedgerows and wooded areas
  • Include flowering plants for butterflies, bees and other insects

Wellhead area protection plan:

  • Ensure no chemicals or farm animal fecal matter
  • Control noxious weeds through regular mowing and hand pulling
  • Install solar panels on ground to reduce labor-intensive maintenance